Overview and Scenario
You are a senior tax accountant in the firm, Ernest & Rainhouse. Joe, a new junior accountant, has just completed an interview with a new client Harry, who is a general partner of Widget Unlimited. Harry is seeking to have Ernest & Rainhouse prepare Widget Unlimited’s Partnership Tax Return. Joe has never prepared a Partnership Tax Return and seeks your help in doing so. Additionally, there are a couple of questions Harry asks that Joe needs your assistance in answering. You are to read the scenario below and then follow the instructions.
Henry, Hunter, and Harry formed a partnership (Widget Unlimited) on January 1, 2020. Henry and Hunter each contributed $200,000 and Harry transferred a building he had purchased two years earlier to the partnership. The building had a tax basis of $150,000 and was appraised at $300,000. The building was also encumbered with a $100,000 mortgage. The partners plan to use the building to manufacture, distribute, and sell green and purple widgets.
Harry will work full time operating the business for which he will receive guaranteed payments (not included in expenses) of $5,000 per month. Henry and Hunter will devote less than twelve days a year to the business. At the end of 2020, Widgets Unlimited had made $6,000 in mortgage principal payments. The partnership agreement specifies that Henry, Hunter, and Harry will share in income/loss in the ratio of 3:3:4.
For the first year of operation, the partnership records disclose the following information:
Sales revenue $820,000
Cost of goods sold $735,000
Operating expenses $65,000
Long-term capital gains $3,300
~1231 gains $1,500
Charitable contributions $700
Political campaign donation $500
Municipal bond interest $450
Write a 3-5 page paper in which you do the following:
• Using the information provided, create a Form 1065: U.S. Return of Partnership Income 2020 for Widgets Unlimited, preparing a Schedule K for Henry, Hunter, and Harry.
• Refer to the completed Form 1065 schedule of Henry, Hunter, and Harry’s adjusted tax basis immediately after partnership formation and at the end of the first year of operation. Explain in what situations Henry, Hunter, and Harry would need to know the tax basis in their partnerships. Explain how often a partner’s tax basis in his partnership needs to be adjusted. Justify your answer with relevant tax code citation.
• The tax code specifically enumerates several common separately stated items. Explain which items would be separately stated for partners Henry, Hunter, and Harry. Explain why each should be separately stated, citing relevant tax code for at least three of your identified separately stated items.
• Assume Widgets Unlimited initial year of operation resulted in a loss. Explain in what order are the loss limitation rules applied to limit partner’s losses from partnerships.
• Explain how Henry, Hunter, and Harry would determine whether they are passive participants in Widgets Unlimited when applying the passive activity loss limitation rules.
• Use at least two quality sources to support your writing. Choose sources that are credible, relevant, and appropriate. Cite each source listed on your source page at least one time within your assignment. For help with research, writing, and citation, access the library or review library guides.
• Produce writing that is clear and well organized and applies appropriate SWS style. Writing contains accurate grammar, mechanics, and spelling.