HUMAN DEVELOPMENT/ COUNSELING
This is an open-book exam: BOOK: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1XHrSJyVQ7qc94UUyC6ZXMJfjUoHukXT/view?usp=sharing
1) In the applications section of Chapter 1, several rules of thumb are provided to guide
helping professionals incorporate developmental knowledge into their work. Choose
three of the guidelines and, for each of these, provide either:
a. A detailed and specific example of how helping professionals incorporate the
guideline in a practice setting.
b. A specific and detailed example of how you will incorporate this guideline into
2) What advice could you provide a pregnant teenager to help her assure the health of her
1) Parents wish to locate a program for their toddler and preschool child that is developmentally
appropriate. What elements would you advise these parents to look for in the programs they
2) Discuss at least three reasons why attachment theory and research have special significance
for helping professionals.
1) The concept of egocentrism has been introduced both to explain the limitations of cognitive
development in the elementary school aged child and to explain the usual progress of friendship
development. Define egocentrism. Summarize its role in cognitive functioning and in social
interactive functioning for the elementary school aged child.
2) Discuss the pros and cons of corporal punishment as a disciplinary method. Why might its
effectiveness differ for different cultural groups? What questions remain to be answered about
the relationship between culture and disciplinary style?
1) Counseling young boys requires sensitivity to society’s “boy code” and may require special
strategies for putting boys at ease in the counseling context. What is the boy code? What
strategies might be especially helpful for overcoming this code?
2) Mr. and Mrs. Brown have consulted you about their 13-year-old daughter, Joanne. She is not
doing as well academically as she always did in elementary school. She seems to be involved
with a popular crowd that is quickly moving into sexual experimentation and drug use. Describe
the options that Mr. and Mrs. Brown have for helping their daughter navigate her early
adolescence, based on available research.
1) Women and men play multiple roles in their lives. What are some examples of these roles?
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of taking on the responsibilities of multiple roles and
provide clear examples of these advantages and disadvantages. Include a discussion of role
2) When counseling the elderly, success depends on being flexible and making accommodations
that meet their special needs. Discuss three ways in which flexibility may be necessary and why.