DIRECTIONS-Please discuss the following question. Try and keep your original response essay to the
question to between 250 and 300 words. Please use historical examples from your readings (lecture
lessons and common reader) in this original essay. You are required to cite your textbook or outside
sources using parenthetical citation (author, page number) or using Turabian style footnotes. Please put
your source(s) at the end of your essay (if using footnotes) and always include a bibliography. Finally,
please try to support your essay using examples or sources different from your fellow classmates.
Please restate the question verbatim you are answering before your response. Please restate my follow-up
question verbatim as well.
Each Forum is graded on a 100 point scale:
Main Essay (50 points, Friday 11:55 PM Eastern deadline). One source required with Work
Student Response to Professor’s Follow-up Question (20 points, Sunday 11:55 PM Eastern deadline). One
source required with Work Cited/Bibliography.
Two Student Responses (30 points, Sunday 11:55 PM Eastern deadline).
Later in the Assignment Window (Saturday and Sunday), please take the time and respond to at least twoof your classmates’ essays. Make sure your responses are both thoughtful and substantive. Opinions are
welcome in your responses, but opinions should be accompanied with support. A gentle reminder that
encyclopedias are never allowed as sources in this or any history course in this University. Use of forbidden
tertiary sources will result in a one letter grade deduction per use. Do not ask questions in these student
responses in your weekly general forum. Please save your questions for your travel log responses to your
Please keep in mind that you are required to answer my follow-up question (in 150 to 200 words) before
the Sunday deadline and that this exchange with me does not count as one of your required follow-up
postings to your fellow students.
Make sure you address your fellow students by name at the beginning of your post.
GENERAL FORUM QUESTIONS:
Choose one of the following questions and respond by Friday at 11:55 PM EST. Respond to at least two
other students by Sunday at 11:55 PM EST.
Because of the size of this class, pick a new question to respond to if the question has been responded to
by five of your fellow students by the time of your submission. Please put the number of the question you
are answering in your Subject Line of your main essay response (example “Question #1”). This will allow
you to easily see how many times this question has been answered.
1) How did the Olmecs influence the civilizations to come after them? How did religion play a role in their
society? Why do you think there is so little evidence of their civilization available?
2) How did the Mayan religion influence their development of science and technology? How did those
advances and beliefs lead to the growth of Mayan influence? What do you think led to their eventual
3) Why was there so many differences in the types of settlement in North America? How did the
Mississippian and Hopewell cultures foster trade and connections between different groups? Why do you
think the mound-building culture came to dominate the southeast?
4) How did the religion of the Mexica or Aztec people influence the development of their society? What was
Aztec daily life like? Why do you think they combined religion and warfare together?
5) How did the Inca rise to power? What methods did they employ to unify their growing empire? What
problems did their rapid expansion bring to the stability of the Inca? Do you think the strict social controls
the Inca placed on their society helped to create a strong empire?
6) How did the Turks rise to power in Inner Asia? What caused the division between Eastern and Western
Turks? How did they eventually gain the upper hand over the Abbasid Caliphate? Why do you think they
came to dominate such a wide area from India, to Persia, to Anatolia?
7) How did the Mongol lifestyle help to create a formidable military force? Why were the various clans
willing to unite themselves under Chinggis Khan’s leadership? Why do you think he was able to create a
strong and lasting empire?
8) How did Chinggis’s successors continue with his goals for expansion? How were they able to administer
such a large and diverse area? What do you think led to the eventual decline of the khanates? 9) How did India respond to the threat posed by the growing power of the Mongols, Turks, or Muslims?
How did Muslim leaders deal with the diversity of religious belief in India? How did the influence from these
outside groups change Indian society in the Medieval period?